Oman Land & Culture
Sun and Sand Tours wants to share their
Oman with you and are happy to provide
the following holiday information for
you to have an enjoyable vacation.
Oman’s coastal capital city is Muscat.
Oman’s area is 309,500 square kilometers
with more than 1,700 Kilometers of
coast. It is a diverse country offering
you a unique opportunity. We
invite you to experience our ancient
Arabian history lying deep within the
Oman occupies the southeastern coast of
the Arabian peninsula. It has
coastlines on the Gulf of Oman to the
north and the Arabian Sea to the south.
Inland it is bordered by the UAE, Saudi Arabia,
The magnificent, rugged, rocky,
mountains, Dhofar Mountains in the south
and the Hajar Mountains which stretch
for 700km from Musandam on the north
coast to Ras al Hadd on the east coast.
These mountains offer spectacular wadis
(river beds), caves and cliffs. The
landscape is simply breathtaking.
The golden brown vista of the dramatic
desert including the Empty Quarter and
Wahiba Sands which runs for 200 km from
Eastern Hajar to the Arabian Sea.
These inland sand seas, offer massive
dune waves rising to 200 – 300 meters.
Spectacular landscape is at the heart of
Oman. The contrast of
rugged mountains, dramatic desert dunes,
green oasis and sandy beaches. You
can experience all of this.
Omani people express an abundance of
warmth and heartfelt welcoming which
will make your visit to Oman an
experience that will stay with you
The Omani people bring to life the rich
Arabian culture, lively traditions and
as always these are accompanied with
their ready smiles.
Sun and Sand Tours takes pleasure in
inviting you to join with them in
experiencing the absolute, simple
magnificence of the real Oman.
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weather from October to-April.
Moderate throughout the day to Cool
at night [upper 20's C] and dry in
Warmer Months from June to September Hot
[30-40C] and humid On the coast.
The southern region experiences
monsoon rains between June and
September each year.
The mountain areas it will be cool
during the day and cold at night in
winter and pleasant during Summer –
usually 10 degrees cooler than other
areas of Oman.
The desert region is hot from May to
Mid-September, during the day usually
around 40 degrees.
Customs & Visas:
There is no customs duty on personal
effects brought into Oman.
All visitors (except those with Gulf
Co-Operation Council passports) require
a visa to enter Oman. Visas can be
obtained on arrival for many countries, including those from EU, US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand,
Scandinavian, South American, Singapore, Japan, Thailand, Taiwan, South Korea, Indonesia, Brunei and Turkey can get 14-day
visa at Muscat airport or border
Passport and visa requirements may
change. All visitors are advised to
check their entry requirements with
their embassy, consulate or travel
The official language is Arabic
however, English is spoken in all
shops, hotels and service areas.
Total Population more than 3
Omani Riyal (RO) divided into 1,000
1 RO = US$2.6
All major credit cards are
accepted in hotels and large stores.
220 – 240 volts – 50 cycles – 3 pin
British type plug.
Government offices from 8.00 –
14.30 Saturday to Wednesday.
Banks 8.00 – 14.00 Sunday to
to 13.00 and 16.00 to 22.00
GMT + 4 hours.
Oman Health Overview
No vaccinations are required for entry
to Oman. Visitors should ensure they are
up to date on all routine vaccinations.
Health and medical services in the
country, particularly in mail cities, are of a
high standard. Food and water
is considered safe, but bottled water is
advised outside of the cities.
There are many great locations for
camping throughout Oman. Campers Outdoor
tourists should bring with them long
sleeved T-shirt and long pants for the
night. Also, you will need short sleeved
T-shirt, shorts & swimwear. Clothing
needs to be comfortable and loose. You
will need sun protection, hat and
sunglasses. If walking in the desert it
is best to wear footwear, which covers
your ankles. When walking & swimming in
the wadis best to wear footwear that can
be used for both the walk and in the
Men and women need to be aware that they
are in a Muslim country and therefore
need to wear appropriate clothing in
villages and when socializing with the
local people. Additionally, changing
clothes for swimming in wadis or at the
coast needs to be done discreetly.
Bites & Stings
If you are camping out and you are
someone who mosquitoes love, the
best thing to do is, at sunset when
the mosquitoes become active, apply
mosquito repellant, put on a long
sleeved t-shirt, trousers and socks.
Mosquito bite itch relief list.
Repellant could work after bite
inside of Banana Peel
a bar of soap over the itch
Scorpions feed on insects and other
small creatures including other
scorpions. They abound in the desert and
rocky countryside all over Oman, but
since they are nocturnal, are rarely
seen unless people move rocks or logs,
under which they hide.
There are many species of scorpions in
Oman, some living in sandy deserts,
others preferring the mountains. They
may be black, pale, or various shades
and colours, with slim or squat pincers.
Regional Oman arachnid species have
impressive names —Androctonus
crassicauda, Leirus qunquestriatus, and
In Oman, scorpion stings are relatively
innocuous. The vast majority of stings,
even if intensely painful, result in no
significant complications. A single bite
will result in no systemic effects.
Reassurance, and a period of observation
for an hour or two, are all that is
Rarely, serious effects are experience
that would require medical attention.
All spiders are venomous, but few pose a
threat to man. There are a number of
potentially dangerous species in Oman,
but serious incidents are rare. The
commonest of these spiders is the
red-back spider, or Latrodectus and the
recluse or violin spider.
The female red back is a beautiful,
glistening-black creature with a
brilliant orange or red spot on her
abdomen. She can cause an intensely
painful bite, followed by nausea,
vomiting, and generalized muscle cramps
for an hour or two. Thereafter, all
signs resolve spontaneously, without
treatment. These spiders build an
amateurish-looking, untidy web under
boxes or in dark corners of out-houses.
The recluse spider is relatively large
(body 0.9cm, leg span 5cm), with a
distinctive violin-shaped mark on its
carapace, and lives in caves, sheds, and
sometimes dark cupboards where it hunts
insects and small creatures. It does not
build a web.
The Latrodectus and recluse or violin
spider rarely cause any problems in
This information will help you to avoid
Oman dangerous snakes (indicted by red
or orange), while you still can
carefully enjoy watching the harmless
ones (indicated by yellow or green).
Many snakes commonly seen in Oman are
not dangerous to people. Most snakes try
to avoid people and never strike or bite
people unless frightened. It is possible
to be bitten and not to have any venom
injected. It is also rare that the snake
injects sufficient venom to cause
serious injury to people. Very rarely is
a bite fatal.
The most common and harmless snakes in
Oman are; Racer Snakes, they look
intimidating with their long slim
bodies, which are seen in Oman wadis.
Blind Snake, a small reptile that
burrows in soft soil and compost, known
as a gardener's friend as it aerates
soil and eats pests.
The danger in the region comes from all
sea snakes and 9 out of 22 species of
land snakes. Among the dangerous snakes
in Oman are the; Mole Viper, Puff Adder,
Burrowing Asp, Horned Vipers, Carpet
Vipers and the Arabian Cobra, may live
in southern Oman. The Black Desert Cobra
and the Horned Viper may live in sandy
places; False Horned Viper keeps in
The best way to avoid all snakebites is
to wear proper clothing especially legs
and feet. Footwear should be high,
covering the ankle and trousers are best
if can be closed at the ankle. Look and
take care where you put your hands and
feet, particularly in wadis, gardens,
woodlands and near rubbish and water.
Remove litter, creeping plants and
rodents from around your house and seal
holes. Avoid walking outside at night
In case of snakebite, wash the injury,
and keep the bitten area still and below
the heart level, do not run or engage in
any physical activity. Do not cut or
apply a constrictive tourniquet or apply
extreme cold to the bite. It is
important to stay calm and remove any
rings, watches or tight clothing. If you
can, try to identify the offending
snake, get to the nearest hospital